Union Army Uniforms and Insignia of the Civil War

Heavy Artillery Private's Uniform

Artillery Private

Private Dressed in a Sack Coat
3rd Massachusetts Heavy Artillery

detail of kepi
Detail of Kepi
This unidentified heavy artillery private is wearing a four button sack coat with a vest underneath. Of greater interest is his forage cap (kepi) which was a small pair of crossed cannons with number three above and the letters "H" and "A" on either side. The crossed cannon appear to be smaller that the common issued artillery insignia. The letters indicate heavy artillery and the number the third regiment. The letters appear to be of a fancy type known as "Zouave" letters and are not the regulation issued type, which are one inch in height. These are offered in the period Schuyler, Hartley and Graham catalog.

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